Problem Areas In Diabetes Scale

PAID

Dutch version available

A 20-item measure of  diabetes-related distress for use in adults with diabetes.
Available in multiple languages. Contact: Garry.Welch@bhs.com  

A 5-item and 1-tems Short-Form of PAID have recently been developed and validated for quick screening.

Pediatric and Parent version of PAID are available. Contact:  Jill Weissberg-Benchell at Lurie Childrens Hospital.

References:

1. Snoek FJ et al. Diabetes-Related Emotional Distress in Dutch and U.S. Diabetic Patients, Diabetes Care 2000; 23: 1305-1309.

2. McGuire B et al. Short-form measures of diabetes-related emotional distress: the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID)-5 and PAID-1.

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